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Your are here Schools »
School of Languages
Department of Kashmiri
» Introduction


 The Kashmiri language is conceivably the only language on the linguistic map of the Indo-Pak subcontinent on which scholars think that it does not belong to the linguistic family existed in South East Asia,  conversely, this old language belongs to the Indo-European family of languages.  With time, the language got influenced by Dardi, Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic, Urdu even Hebrew and other languages. Despite the influences, it retained its position and distinctiveness, which is the feature of any living language according to the linguists. Researchers in the field of linguistics believe that the Kashmiri language is older than the Sanskrit language; it does not originate and derived from languages like Dardi and other languages. It is indigenously initiated by the inhabitants who first settled this land and began to speak. Due to the geographical and other constraints, it could not be stretched beyond the boundaries. With time it went through many challenges but it still resists as a living speaking language.

In terms of its syntax, phonology and morphology,  the language is unique among all the languages of South-East Asia and is significantly different from Indo-Arian as well as Indo-Iranian subfamilies of the Indo-European Family. Interestingly, it bears closer resemblance with European languages rather than any other language of India and its neighbouring countries. The most important structural feature of Kashmiri is that it bears SVO syntax, rather than SOV syntax; the finite verb invariably occupies the second slot in all basic sentences and transformations.

In terms of phonology, the language differs from Indo-Arian (Sanskrit and modern Indian languages): occurrence of distinct central vowels, heavy palatalization and complex morphological assimilation are some other notable linguistic characteristics of the language. Since Kashmiri has had close cultural and religious contact with India, the language borrowed words heavily from Sanskrit.  The language has been borrowing words from Persian since the 14th century. Kashmiri has a rich literature, both oral and written.  The current official script of the language is a modified version of the Nast'aliq of Persian-Arabic script written from right to left.

To strengthen the national educational system every institute of India must abide by the rules and regulations of New Educational Policy (NEP 2020). The Central University of Kashmir is also at the forefront to implement the same. The three-language formula of (NEP 2020), where at least two of the three has to be native of India, are in consideration to implement in this university. Kashmir language which is native has great perspectives and it is also a mother tongue for a maximum of the students here. Further, The New Educational Policy (NEP 2020) states the medium of instruction up to primary level should be the local or regional or mother tongue. In this connection, it would be appropriate to incorporate the Kashmiri language and promote the oldest language of the subcontinent